Drowning accidents are the leading cause of injury/deaths among
children under five. More than 80 percent of the drownings occur
in residential backyard pools or spas. It can happen quickly, always
without warning, without a splash, and without a cry for help.
To help avoid such a tragedy, please read the following pool safety
A fence or barrier completely surrounding the pool can prevent
many drowning accidents. Most children who drown or nearly drown
were last seen in the yard, porch, or patio prior to the accident.
Although a fence separating the pool and spa in the single most
effective barrier for preventing childhood drownings, not one
method alone is totally effective in preventing drowning accidents.
Pool owners can take practical steps to make their pools and
spas less dangerous by installing "layers of protection".
should be fenced from the rest of the house. Fences should
be five feet high.
area adjacent to the outside of the fence must be free of
objects which may aid children in climbing over the fence.
include items such as chairs, tables, tree branches, etc.
should be self-closing and self-latching, opening outward
away from pool.
gate latch should be placed at the top of the gate and be
inaccessible from the outside by small children.
doors and windows leading to the pool should always be secured
and locked at all times.
- Additional "layers
of protection" include
safety covers, alarms on doors and motion-detection devices.
Remember pool covers, gates and other layers of protection
do not replace adult supervision.
an adult Water Watcher to supervise the pool/spa area, especially
during social gatherings.
Never allow young children to be left alone in and around
the pool for a moment. Make sure an adult is always present.
and guardians should always be instructed about potential
hazzards in and around the pool.
Never rely on flotation devices or swimming lessons to protect
a child. Twenty-five percent of all drowning victims have
had swimming lessons.
flotation devices designed for lifesaving near the pool.
Many float-type toys are thought to be lifesavers. They are
They are only toys and should be used only as toys.
in the pool area first if a child is missing.
keep toys around or in a pool.
adults, children and babysitters should learn and practice
a telephone outside the pool area. Post the 9-1-1 emergency
number on the telephone.